There are many types of vulval swellings in females - most common being Bartholin cyst, skene duct cyst, inclusion cyst, lipoma, fibroma, gartner duct cyst and epidermoid cyst.
Vulval swellings may bother a female even if small in size. It can interfere in normal sexual activity and pain along with inflammation may be disturbing in routine daily activities like walking, gymming, running etc. If infected, it turns into an abscess and may also present as fever. Sometimes very large abscess may rupture resulting in drainage of pus.
Dr. Deepti Asthana is the best gynaecologist and cosmetic gynae surgeon and it is important to meet her to understand things. Examination is a very important part of any swelling diagnosis. After taking thorough history, doctor would like to examine your swelling to determine its exact nature. Some swellings are chronic and may not require immediate treatment but some like inflammatory infective ones, may require immediate treatment.
Doctor may prescribe a course of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs initially or may post you directly for cyst excision, depending on the type of swelling.
If treatment is needed, one of the following options are advised:
The growth of vaginal cysts is difficult to prevent. Maintaining adequate hygiene, proper hydration and practising safe sex practises can help in prevention.